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Horwich - Toll Bar Inn

Name: The Toll Bar Inn

Address: 2 Chorley New Road (previously Crown Street), Horwich

The Toll Bar Inn was built sometime in the mid-1800's and is at the junction of Chorley New Road (previously Crown Street), Lee Lane, Scholes Bank and Crown Lane. It does not appear on the 1845 map of the area but is clearly shown on the 1892 map and ones thereafter. 

1845 Map

1986 - The Two Sides of Horwich
The southeastern corner of the block contains the most significant settlement in our area, the railway town of Horwich. Chorley Old Road climbs from Lee Lane towards the Parish Church, an area where the Anglo-Saxon farm settlement, "an enclosure on the higher ground" must have been". At the foot of Lee Lane and the head of Scholes Bank the rough stone walls and thin flagged 
roofs indicate the remains of Eighteenth Century housing. Old Road itself was an early turnpike of 1787 with a toll recalled in the name of the public house, "The Toll Bar Inn".  
The New Road was added in 1822,some claim to provide local unemployed with labour. Its main significance is that in 1884 the Locomotive Works grew around it, so establishing the "second" Horwich.    

At what stage it became a beer house is not known to me, as early census entries for occupants at the property are recorded as toll collectors/keeper. It wasn't until 1871 that the resident, Robert Lee is first shown as a beer seller. It was originally called "Toll Gate House" and whilst its primary function would have been toll collection I suspect it also doubled as a beer house for most of the second half of the 1800s. 

1907 Map

Landlords/tenants at the Toll Bar Inn were Thomas Johnson (1841), Robert France (1851-60), John Gaskell (1861), Robert Lee (1862-71), Samuel Lee (1881-90), Robert Lee (1883-86), Thomas Price (1890-99), Mary Lambert (1899-1905), James Price (1905-11), Widdup Wilkinson (1824), George & Daphne Keene (late 1970s-90s), Mark Knowles (2001-04) and Sue Beeley (2001-).

1841 Census Thomas Johnson Toll Keeper

1851 Census Robert France Toll Collector

25 February 1860 - Bolton Chronicle 
Self-destruction by a Farmer - On Monday forenoon Mr. Robert France, farmer, of Anderton, near the Crown Inn, Horwich, committed suicide in his own residence. 

1861 Census John Gaskell Toll Collector

In 1862 the Toll Bar Inn was taken over by the Lee family who then remained in residence until 1890. The following press cutting confirms that Robert Lee was previously at the Crown but by 1862 had moved here: 

29 March 1862 - Bolton Chronicle 
On Monday, the Bench provisionally transferred the following licences until the annual licensing day, namely — The Crown, Horwich, from Robert Lee (now a beerseller, living opposite) to John Burgess, blacksmith of Sharples...

It was possibly in 1862 that a beer licence was first successfully applied for at the Toll Bar Inn and the directory records confirm that Robert Lee, who was resident at the Inn was a "Retailer of Beer" later that decade in 1869.

1869 Slater's Directory

1871 Census Robert Lee - Butcher, Beer Seller & Farmer

1876 Post Office Directory

Robert Lee is again confirmed in the above directory as a butcher and beer seller, something his son Samuel was continue until 1890.

1881 Census Samuel Lee - Butcher

On 11th August 1890 the Bolton Evening News recorded the transfer of the licence at the Toll Bar Inn, Horwich, from Samuel Lee to Thomas Price confirming that the Toll Bar was a beer house prior to 1891 when in the hands of the Lee (Leigh) family. 

1891 Census Thomas Price - Beerseller

1895 Slater's Directory showing Thomas Price as a Beer Retailer

Death records show that Thomas Price died in 1899 at the tender age of 37 years leaving his wife Mary Hannah Price to bring up their children; Harry, James, Fred, Walter, Allen and May as well as running the Inn. She quickly remarried in 1900 to a John C Lambert and had a further child, Lizzie Lambert but tragedy again befell her as John was also to die the same year, just 28 years old and by the time of the 1901 census she was again on her own.

1901 Census Mary H Lambert - Beer & Wine Seller

1905 Kelly's Directory

08 March 1905 - Bolton Evening News  
County Coroner, held inquiry this afternoon into the death of Harry Price (19), of the Toll Bar Hotel. Horwich, who died on Sunday as the result being shot in the head at the starling shoot at the Hilton Arms Hotel, Hilton House.

Harry Morris 1906 Photographed outside the Toll Bar in Horwich

Mary endured her fair share of tragedy during her time at the Toll Bar Inn but she remained there with her family after Harry's death and in 1907 married her third husband, Peter Higham, who was a local man working as a Bleacher.  The 1911 census record below confirms they lived together as a family at the Toll Bar whilst Mary's oldest living son James ran the Inn.

1911 Census James Price - Publican

World Champions Morris Dancers 1913 - Harry Morris led the team
and is seen at rear centre outside the Toll Bar Inn

1924 Kelly's Directory

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